This page contains information on how to survive by finding drinking water in the desert in an emergency situation, also you will find useful tips on how to recognize signs of water presence.
Finding water is more important than finding food, because without food you can live for weeks, but without water you can't live more than three day. Your survival in the desert depends upon your ability to use the available survival equipment, and your special skills to apply them to cope with the hazards you face as well as your will to survive. But most importantly your ability to improvise, because every survival situation is different, so think and improvise by taking advantage of what you have available to you.
The most important element in desert survival is knowledge. Once you have that, your chances of survival are very high, and that's what we will try to provide in this article. A key factor in desert survival is understanding the relationship between physical activity, air temperature, and water consumption. The human body requires a certain amount of water for a certain level of activity at a certain temperature. For example, a person performing hard work for 8 hours in the sun at 110 degrees f (43 C) requires 19 liters of water daily. Lack of the required amount of water causes a rapid decline in an individual’s ability to make decisions and to perform tasks efficiently.
Your body’s normal temperature is 36.9 degrees C (98.6 degrees F). Your body gets rid of excess heat (cools off) by sweating. The warmer your body becomes—whether caused by work, exercise, or air temperature. The more you sweat, the more moisture you lose. Sweating is the principal cause of water loss. If a person stops sweating during periods of high air temperature and heavy work or exercise, he will quickly develop heat stroke. This is an emergency that requires immediate medical attention.
But before talking about what to do when you're stranded looking for water in the desert, it's important to think about preventing a situation like that from happening the first place. Here are 3 tips:
Now that you're already stranded in the desert, here is what you should know: Rationing water at high temperatures is actually inviting disaster because small amounts will not prevent dehydration. Loss of efficiency and collapse always follows dehydration. It is the water in your body that maintains your life, not the water in your bottle.
Understanding how the air temperature and your physical activity affect your water requirements allows you to take measures to get the most from your water supply. The following measures will help you Ration Sweat - Not Water. You can think of yourself as a water container, by conserving sweat you will conserve water as a result.
By staying in the shade quietly, fully clothed, not talking, keeping your mouth closed, and breathing through your nose, your water requirement for survival drops dramatically.
Thirst is not a reliable guide for your need for water. A person who uses thirst as a guide will drink only two-thirds of his daily water requirement. To prevent this “voluntary” dehydration, use the following guide:
Elements Causing Evaporation of Water in the Body
If you are near water, it is best to remain there and prepare signals for rescuers. If no water is immediately available, look for it, following these leads:
After you spot one of the options above and no water is on the surface, if the ground is still damp, it means water is just underneath the surface, dig holes deep enough to allow water to seep in.
For tips on how to purify water, check our next page: Water to Survive
Body temperature in a healthy person can be raised to the danger point by absorbing heat or by generating it. Heat can be absorbed from the ground by reflection or direct contact. Any kind of work or exercise increases body heat. An increase in body temperature of 6 to 8 degrees above normal (98.6) for any extended period causes death. The body gets rid of excess heat and attempts to keep the temperature normal by sweating, but by sweating the body loses water and dehydration results. This water must be replaced.
Drinking water at regular intervals helps your body remain cool and decreases sweating. Even when your water supply is low, sipping water constantly will keep your body cooler and reduce water loss through sweating. Conserve your fluids by reducing activity during the heat of day. Do not ration your water! Conserve sweat not water. If you try to ration water, you stand a good chance of becoming a heat casualty.
More information: We hope this page was helpful and provided you with some survival techniques on how to find drinking water in the desert. Check out our main page for more survival scenarios here Survival Guide, knowledge is light, and knowledge can save your life. Make sure you do your best to know what to do in a survival situation and then hope for the best.